Pregnancy and childbirth – is a nice and exciting period of life that is accompanied with serious physical and impressionable changes happening to a woman. During this period the woman faces with a great deal of information about her and her baby’s health. When planning a childbirth, it is necessary to be aware of some cases and one of them is diseases of thyroid glands.
Why necessary? The matter is, thyroid glands of an embryo begin its activity in 12th week of pregnancy. Prior to this the embryo develops only under influence of hormones of the mother’s thyroid glands. Taking into consideration that most of organs, including the brain begin to be formed until 12th week of the pregnancy, sufficient amount of hormones of the pregnant woman’s thyroid glands existing in her blood is considered as a guarantee for normal development of a to be born baby.
One of diturbances of thyroid glands is hypothyreosis. This disease related with thyroid glands is specific with its failure to produce important thyroid hormones enough for normal metabolism and activity of all organs and tissues.
According to statistic data, hypothyreosis happens mainly in 5% of women. Lack of thyroid hormones leads to generation of symptons such as slack, sleepiness, intolerance to cold, memory impairment, gaining weight, hopelessness and constipancy. But it is possible to prevent hypothyreosis generated in pregnancy period as symptoms of this case look like those considered as normal changes happening in pregnancy period (slack, gaining weight, puffiness). Untreated hypothyreosis increases a risk of premature births and delays in development of the baby. In future, it may make difficulties during the child’s education because a to be born baby’s physical development and intelligence depends on effectiveness of thyroid hormones prooduced by thyroid glands.
In order to prevent hypothyreosis-related results, it is necessary to learn degree of efficiency of activity of thyroid glands. For this, following the manifestation of pregnancy, it is usually necessary to let blood analysis until 10-12th weeks. Treatment goal of hypothyreosis is completion of deficient hormones of thyroid glands in body. To this end, a hormonelike preparation is prescribed that is formed using a thyroid gland itself. The preparation may be administered during pregnancy and even lactation period.