Cervical dysplasia is a precancerous condition. This wording implies that in girls and women with a confirmed diagnosis of cervical dysplasia, the likelihood of developing cervical cancer increases many times.
Depending on the severity of certain disorders listed above, there are 3 degrees of cervical dysplasia:
1. Mild cervical dysplasia.
2. Moderate dysplasia of the cervix.
3. Severe dysplasia of the cervix.
Risk factors for developing dysplasia are:
1. Early onset of sexual activity or early childbirth
3. Immunodeficiency states
4. Chronic gynecological diseases
5. Sexually transmitted infections of the genital tract
6. Traumatic injuries of the cervix (abortion, surgical procedures, etc.)
7. Deficiency of vitamins A, B, C
8. Use of combined oral contraceptives
9. Heredity (the presence of oncological pathology in the immediate family)
10. The presence of the human papilloma virus (HPV)
Most often, a microbial infection joins cervical dysplasia, which causes pathological symptoms of colpitis or cervicitis:
1. Burning or itching
2. Discharge from the genital tract of an unusual color,
3. Consistency or odor, sometimes mixed with blood (after using tampons, intercourse, etc.).
Painful sensations with cervical dysplasia are almost always absent.
Examination at Hayat Clinic for cervical dysplasia includes a number of instrumental and laboratory studies that make it possible to confirm or deny the diagnosis
The main methods of examination at Hayat Clinic:
1. Colposcopy is an examination of the cervix with a special apparatus (colposcope) with a magnification of 10 or more times. Colposcopy is an absolutely safe and painless procedure.
2. Cytological examination of smear - carried out annually for prophylactic purposes in all women and allows to identify atypical epithelial cells and marker cells of human papillomavirus infection.
3. PCR method (polymerase chain reaction) - is the most reliable way to determine HPV in any body fluid (blood, urine, mucus).
Hayat Clinic uses the following surgical methods:
1. Cryotherapy (destruction of the focus of dysplasia with liquid nitrogen);
2. Laser porization - the method is based on the effect of a low-intensity laser beam on the damaged focus of the cervix, as a result of which pathological tissues are destroyed when heated, forming a necrosis zone at the junction with healthy tissue;
3. Amputation of the cervix.
The method of surgical intervention is determined depending on the degree of cervical dysplasia diagnosed. Amputation can be used as a last resort. Also, if the patient's age indicators do not imply the preservation of reproductive function.
These are timely and accurate follow-up examinations to prevent cervical dysplasia. Examination of the cervix in our clinic is carried out in accordance with modern diagnostic requirements according to international protocols. Diagnosis of cervical diseases with clinical protocols according to modern standards provides the basis for proper patient information and effective treatment